The main centres in the body for the coordination of the two systems of control nervous system and the endocrine system are the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The endocrine glands are located in different parts of the body. Also, the target cells have receptors that latch onto only specific hormones, and each hormone has its own receptor, so that each hormone will communicate only with specific target cells that possess receptors for that hormone.
We can now say that: This causes membrane depolarization and excitation of the next neuron. Pineal gland is supposed to be a vestigial organ Vestigial organs are those organs which no longer function.
In addition to nervous system, the endocrine system also helps in coordinating the activities of our body. The longest fibre on the cell body of a neuron is called axon. There is no direct anatomical connections between the endocrine glands, but there is interdependence of functions of one gland from another.
As the supreme gland of the endocrine system, the pituitary itself is subject of control of the central nervous system, and in particular of the hypothalamus. So, it is necessary that the hormones are secreted by the glands in our body in precise quantities which are required for the normal functioning of the body.
The human nervous system receives information from the surroundings, processes it, interprets it and then responds accordingly. For example, the deficiency of insulin hormone results in a disease called diabetes whereas excess of insulin in the body can lead to coma.
Diabetes disease is characterised by large quantities of sugar in the blood and even urine. In this paper it is necessary to consider nervous and endocrine systems and their interaction. However, for long-distance communication of such a passive signal propagation is not enough, so neurons with long processes have an active developed signaling mechanism.
It speeds up heart beat and breathing, raises blood pressure and allows more glucose carbohydrate to go into the blood to give us a lot of energy quickly to fight or flight run away.
The adrenaline hormone prepares our body to function at maximum efficiency during emergency situations like danger, anger, excitement, etc. Testes are the glands which are present only in males men.
These glands are ductless and their secretions are sent through the bloodstream.
Messages transmitted along nerve fibres 4. Transmission of signals is based on the fact that the electric disturbance, which arose in one area of cells, is spreading to other areas.
The hormones are involved in the regulation of several functions in the human body like growth, metabolic activities and reproduction. Messages travel more slowly 5. Deficiency of insulin hormone in the body causes a disease known as diabetes.
The main symptom of goitre is that the neck of the person appears to be swollen due to the enlargement of thyroid gland located in the neck. Growth hormone in children who are still growing will make their bones and other body parts grow excessively, resulting in gigantism.
The major glands that make up the human endocrine system are the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal body, the pancreas, and the reproductive glands, which include the ovaries and testes.
Some symptoms include excessive thirst, hunger, urination, and weight loss.Endocrine System – Essay Sample The endocrine system most basically includes a number of hormones and glands within the body.
As a system of glands, the endocrine system is defined by these glands, which secretes hormones into the body to regulate it, as an information signal system. This essay seeks to compare and contrast the nervous system and the endocrine system. However in order to do so, the nervous system and the endocrine system must be defined.
4/4(6). A group of endocrine glands which produces various hormones is called an endocrine system.
The endocrine system is also called hormonal system. We will now discuss the endocrine system in humans in detail. In addition to nervous system, the endocrine system also helps in coordinating the activities.
Essay Nervous System and The Endocrine System, Questions and Answers - 1. Nervous System to Endocrine System The Endocrine System carries hormones into the blood and other body fluids. These chemicals are most important for our growth, responses to stress, metabolism and water and mineral balance.
The hormones that the endocrine system. Endocrine System Of Human Body Health And Social Care Essay. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. The endocrine system and nervous system work together to achieve the equilibrium of the body.
The nervous system helps all other systems of our body to work killarney10mile.com nervous system is like a manager inside our body. Its job is to control and coordinate the parts of our body so that they work together, doing their job at the right time.Download