The resolution of a potentially crisis-filled western land policy was perhaps the most outstanding accomplishment of the first national government.
Most importantly, Britain granted all its western lands south of the Great Lakes to the new United States. After the colonies and France signed treaties of alliance and commerce inKing Louis XVI helped fund the revolutionary war effort.
When artist Benjamin West began this work of the delegates to the Treaty of Paris, he started by painting the members of the American delegation shown. Together these policies fashioned a mechanism for the United States to be a dynamic and expanding society. Interesting biographies of the key military leaders are here, but the focus of the site is on the current campaign to earn historic site status.
At the same time, however, there were people whose rights were infringed upon by this same western policy. Among the dangers were angry Native Americans trying to defend their homes.
By doing so, the financially strapped colonies ensured that the revolution could continue. Three laws regarding the settlement of this Northwest Territory established an admission policy to the United States based on population, organized the settlement of the territory on an orderly rectangular grid pattern that helped make legal title more secure, and prohibited the expansion of slavery to this large region which would eventually include the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
The control of land settlement by the central government favored wealthy large-scale land developers over small-scale family farmers of ordinary means.
Settlers clashed with Indians in at what is now Fort Recovery, Ohio and nearly lives were lost in the stunning defeat. Many Americans had ignored legal restrictions on western settlement and simply struck out for new land that they claimed as their own by right of occupation.
A partial solution to the national revenue crisis was found. The actual process by which Congress took control of the area of western lands north of the Ohio River indicated some of its most impressive actions.
While granted the western lands from the British, actual ownership of this land and how to best settle it was enormously controversial. Although states had ceded their own claim to western land to the national government as part of their ratification of the Articles of Confederation, this threatened to reemerge as a postwar problem.
The central failure of the Congress was related to its limited fiscal power. West planned to complete it by including the British delegates, but the British men refused to pose and the painting was never finished.
Second, the Congress established a process for future states in this new area to join the Confederation on terms fully equal to the original thirteen members. How could a national Congress with limited financial resources and no coercive power deal with this complex problem?
The Congress succeeded in asserting its ownership of the western lands and used the profits from their sale to pay the enormous expenses associated with settlement construction of roads, military protection, etc.
An excellent collection of maps, battle summaries, biographies and more present history, from the American Revolution to the War offrom the standpoint of the many tribes of the Ohio region. Like the contradictory elements of the Revolution, the record of first national government includes achievements and failures, and these two qualities often could be found intertwined within the very same issue.
First of all, it raised the Continental Army, kept it in the field, and managed to finance the war effort. Ohio History Central The Ohio Historical Society offers this comprehensive site which focuses on the experience of the many Indian tribes including the Iroquois who laid claim to the region in the 17th century.
This page gives the text, the whole text, and nothing but the text of this landmark document. The new states would be sovereign and not suffer secondary colonial status. A political process for adding new states as equals was created. Military and financial support from France secured by Congress helped the Americans immeasurably.
Given this major encumbrance, the accomplishments of the Congress were quite impressive. The Congressional solution was a remarkable act of statesmanship that tackled several problems and did so in a fair manner.
The diplomatic success of the treaty of alliance with France in was unquestionably a major turning point in the war. Get the details at this page and view a picture of the U.
Most remarkably of all, Congressional western policy put into practice some of the highest Revolutionary ideals that often went unheeded.
Diplomatic efforts helped the war effort too.Evaluating the Congress. The town of Marietta, Ohio, was one of the first settlements in the Northwest Territory. "President of the United States in Congress Assembled." Learn More Report broken link.
William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana Territory, was elected president in but died after serving less than a month in office. The dome of the US Capitol is seen in Washington, D.C., September 20, A vote of no-confidence in Congress.
Asked about a variety of major American institutions, the public doesn’t. Jun 13, · But Congress can take a little bit of encouragement from the survey, which sampled more than 1, people in the first week of June.
Nine percent is better than the 7 percent confidence rating the institution scored inand the 8. killarney10mile.com is an independent website tracking the status of legislation in the United States Congress and helping you participate in your national legislature.
Here are some tips to get started. 1. Governmental agency that provides auditing, evaluation, and investigative services for the US Congress.
Audit Institution. Ethical principle that guides the work of auditors in accordance with GAGAS that maintains public confidence when. An Evaluation of the Public Confidence in the U.S. Congress PAGES 2.
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