Afterwards, she worked for a time in a settlement school in North Carolina, where she witnessed the death of a child with typhoid fever. She also studied public health at Columbia University. Mary Breckinridge commuting to work in Fueled by the death of her children, Mary had the passion and determination to help women and children in rural locations of America.
That feat was accomplished through the combination of a decentralized nursing service that visited clients in their homes, a collection of district nursing centers and a hospital serving an area of square miles.
Since no school in the United States then offered midwifery training, Breckinridge studied in London and obtained certification from the U. She Mary breckenridge a pioneer of the to the U. InBreckinridge and her family moved to Russia when President Grover Cleveland appointed her father to serve as the U.
It significantly reduced the maternal mortality rate as well as other fatalities. Breckenridge herself would ride half a day to reach a center, spend half a day there reviewing cases with the resident nurse and then ride on to the next center.
The experience inspired her to become a nurse. Thanks to the efforts of FNS nurse-midwives, the maternal mortality rate in Appalachia, which had been among the highest in the country, dropped well below the national average.
InBreckinridge established the Frontier Nursing Service FNS to provide professional nursing care to residents of Appalachian Kentucky, one of the poorest and most medically underserved areas in the country. Mary devoted herself to the nursing profession.
Since no midwifery course was then offered in the United States, Breckinridge returned to England to receive the training she needed at the British Hospital for Mothers and Babies. She often spent hours riding to appointments in rural Kentucky. Her legacy inspires nurses to proactively go above and beyond for their patients in hospital and community settings.
In she started her own midwifery school. InBreckinridge had traveled to Europe with the American Committee for Devastated France, where she administered a much-admired visiting nurse service for a district of 72 small villages.
They delivered the first baby in September Mary truly acted as a patient advocate long before that role was ever defined as a professional responsibility for nursing. It was during this time that she served as volunteer director of Child Hygiene and District Nursing.
She helped to ensure that her daughter followed a more traditional path. Breckinridge had a large log house, called the Big House, built in Wendover, Kentucky to serve as her home and the Frontier Nursing Service headquarters.
Mary Breckinridge, her father Colonel Breckinridge took care of the horsesnurses Edna, Freda set up the first nurses clinic and lived together in Hyden in Mary Breckinridge was born in Memphis, Tenn. That drive, coupled with her experience working as a nurse in World War II, her disciplined studies, and midwifery training led her to rural Kentucky.
Breckinridge had long been interested in child welfare and her time in Europe introduced her to the work of British midwives. Luke Hospital School of Nursing inshe worked for a time as a nurse, but then returned to Arkansas and remarried.
He died only two years later; the couple had no children.
She had a forceful personality and was an excellent organizer, but her work was often shaped by her reactionary attitudes about race and class, including her strong belief in eugenics. Breckinridge also recognized that the organizational structure of decentralized outposts in France could be mimicked in other rural areas.
She was educated by private tutors in Washington, D. For this reason, the maternal mortality rate was extremely high. Although professional nurse-midwifery was not practiced in the U.
In she completed her memoir "Wide Neighborhoods" which is still available from the University of Kentucky Press.American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) from the American Public Health Association (APHA) THE NURSE-MIDWIFE—A PIONEER | AJPH | Vol.
17 Issue 11 THE NURSE-MIDWIFE—A PIONEER, an article from American Journal of Public Health, Vol 17 Issue Frontier Nursing University was founded in by Mary Breckinridge and was originally established as the Frontier Graduate School of Midwifery.
She had a vision of educating nurse-midwives to improve the healthcare of women and families in rural America. Pioneer in nursing autonomy and nurse-driven care. Florence Wald ( - ) Pioneer in improving the care of dying patients by managing symptoms, including patient and family in all decisions, and maintaining dignity and the highest quality of life as the developmental task of saying good-bye was addressed.
Today, the Frontier Nursing Service operates Mary Breckinridge Hospital in Wendover, Ken., as well as health clinics, a home health agency and a school of midwifery. Breckinridge, who is considered a pioneer of midwifery, rural health care delivery, and family and community nursing, was inducted into the American Nurses Association’s.
An aristocratic woman who found her calling in nursing, Mary Breckinridge established Kentucky’s pioneering Frontier Nursing Service and today is known as the founder of American nurse-midwifery.
Mary Breckinridge was born in Memphis, Tenn., to one of America’s most illustrious families. During the s, a true pioneer of the nursing profession emerged in rural Kentucky named Mary Breckenridge. Mary devoted herself to the nursing profession.
As such, her accomplishments helped define the role of nursing and contributed greatly to the development of what healthcare is today.Download